Growing environmental sensitivity
Recycling and the vision of the circular economyThe development of modern logistics is also being driven by an entirely different trend which does not stem primarily from either the business world or business interests.
and its "limits of growth" became a subject of discussion in the early 1970s, specifically as a result of the Club of Rome and the first worldwide oil energy crises. People have now recognized the need for "sustainable" management that protects the earth's natural resources. As a result, many companies have discovered that conservative use of raw materials, energy, water, air and land not only makes good environmental sense, but can also lead to more economical business results. There have been several popular developments since the 1990s: material flow analysis in industrial production; material recycling concepts; waste reduction by eliminating production that creates stockpiling of goods; reducing traffic pressure on downtown areas with city logistics; sensible use of space in distribution and bundling of goods; environmentally friendly modes of transport with the help of cargo centers and combined transports.